Where Are My Strawberries?

There was some doubt about the wisdom of crew of the destroyer/minesweeper for getting rid of their captain in The Caine Mutiny. I have less doubt about the need to oust Pat, the head librarian at the Bucks County Free Library Levittown PA Branch. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Caine_Mutiny_(film 

Like Captain Queeg in the Cain Mutiny, Pat is coming unglued. Lately she’s been up to her old tricks again, harassing the homeless and anyone who doesn’t fit her narrow idea of who belongs in the library.

About a week ago, she told a disabled man who visited the library that he couldn’t have his legal, service dog in the library. When he stood his ground, Pat remarked “we don’t do that here.”  The man is challenging the librarian’s arbitrary and capricious misuse of authority, going through the system. This may be her Waterloo.

The battle of Waterloo was Napoleon’s final defeat, similar to Custer’s last stand. Likewise, the illegal banning of a service dog in the library may be this megalomaniac’s  undoing, and she’ll get canned.

Recently, on at least two occasions, she confronted homeless people who were legally using the Wi-Fi on their mobile device. Pat told them they weren’t supposed to do that. When they explained they were just using the Wi-Fi, she said “OK” and walked away.

Like Captain Queeg, a career officer who had served admirably, Pat has done some good things for library patrons. There is a free electronic device service. I used it and was able to get my old laptop up to stuff. The technician ran scans, upgrades, etc., and gave me great advice. There’s also chair yoga, which helped me loosen my joints and muscles, breathe better, relax and generally improve my health.
But Pat is obsessed with her authority and acts as though the library is her own place, welcoming whom she pleases. And she is the equivalent of Captain Queeg rolling steel ball bearings in his hands.

On one occasion, when I was on my cell phone in the official cell phone area, on hold, tired of waiting I uttered, in a slightly more than moderate volume, two words: “come on.” Pat passed by and turned to me and sternly told me I have to keep the noise down.

On another occasion, as I was quietly talking to a homeless friend in a lounging section of the library, Pat burst through an office door and stammered “this conversation is getting heated, you better do something, like read a book…” I asked her “what is your problem?”  After she went in the office, I told someone “she’s an A-hole”.  In Kafkaesque fashion, one of the librarians Augustly said “are you leaving?”

“No”, I said.

I was getting ready to take a woman with COPD and others to a community dinner, and I walked over to the computers to get directions. Pat followed me. She agreed to let me look up directions, but then I had to leave. After I got the directions, I walked over to pick up those who wanted to go to the meal.

“Are you leaving?”, a librarian again said Augustly.

“I’m waiting for my friends,” I replied. As the homeless woman with COPD slowly started to get up, a librarian ordered “you have to leave now.”

“Excuse me”, I replied, “I don’t say ‘how high’ when you say ‘jump'”.

I confronted Pat about her harassing the homeless and about the double standard, where, when homeless people talk barely above a whisper they get told about it, while nothing is done about loud people and their screaming, bratty kids. She denied harassing the homeless and said she did do something about people and their loud screaming kids. Lie!

Pat called the police and held the phone, staring at the homeless woman with COPD and I until we exited the library.

On yet another occasion, the homeless woman with COPD sat reading a book. Pat told the woman that she has to do something in the library, not just hang out there.

The latest is a letter a homeless man was given, banning him from the library for about a week, which came from somewhere in the Bucks County library system. I plan to explore this.

Some people are looking into filing a complaint with the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).

There is a county wide initiative to ban the homeless from the library, just because they are homeless. An official from the local Salvation Army told me that people have complained about the homeless being in the library – that they don’t like them there. She gave me bogus reasons.

A friend overheard someone at a meeting in the library ask “What about the question people have about the homeless making the library their hangout?”

“Pat’s taking care of that,” was the reply.

Part of the problem is that all the homeless people who visit the library are grouped with the druggies from the recovery houses who have become homeless. There is also a stereotype that homeless people have mental problems.

The bourgeois in Bucks County look down their noses at the homeless.

True, there have been problems in the homeless community, just like anywhere else, but they have been resolved. For instance, there had been drama at the community meals, often fueled by liquor. For some time, the meals have been drama free. Not only that, but have been a venue for great fellowship, with the guests and hosts having wonderful conversations!

Another Queeg like quirk Pat displayed is having the homeless bus stop torn down and replacing it with a sign “Emergency Assembly Area.”

Penndel Mental Health Center has been exploiting the idea that homeless people are mentally ill, and have been trying to tap into the public funding the homeless get to employ pork barrel tactics to bring them into the nuthouse.

I have an idea. Round up the homeless and corral them at the emergency assembly area. Then a 60’s VW bus from Penndel Mental Health Center, with psychedelic painting, would pick them up. As the bus approaches, the homeless would head to the emergency assembly area like the zombies in The Time Machine. Instead of hearing sirens, the homeless would hear the Beatle’s song Magical Mystery Tour.

 “All aboard the magical mystery tour; step right this way.”

 La la. The magical mystery tour. La la. The magical mystery tour. The magical mystery tour is waiting to take you away. Take you away.  Take you today.”

 You don’t need an invitation (the magical mystery tour). On Alan’s clipboard we’ll put your invitation…”

The Eisenhower 50s

On our last travel through the WABAC machine, Jeff and I, Homeless Dog, visited America during the Great Depression, where people had trouble finding work, and scrambled for food and shelter. Today we are in the Eisenhower 50s.

The Great Depression finally ended, and some people learned a lesson.  People learned to live within their means and how to be self reliant, not having to depend on the government for everything.

It took awhile to recover from the Great Depression.  There was a tug of war between the Christian conservative interests  and the progressives, and the former pulled the latter over the line.  Our nation’s worst was behind them and we were heading in the right (both politically and correct as opposed to politically correct) direction.  As a radio talk show says “the right is right.”

Black is black, that’s where the 50’s ink is at.

Gray is gray, that is the liberal way oh oh.

What did they do?  Because I don’t want my country to be blue.

Skillful people persuaded America the to go the right way.  Writers argued how free market capitalism fosters a healthy economy.  Churches, which during the Depression era failed to positively influence society, started spreading the truth about how to live right, and people listened.  As a result, the economy grew while crime shrank.



Back in the 1920s elitist kooks started influencing society,  but after WWII, people started to wise up and traditional values were restored to our nation, and we prospered.

Homelessness is the canary in the coal mine to indicate a healthy economy.  https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/canary_in_a_coal_mine

In Blue, progressive states, homelessness is very high because of a poor economy.  Conversely, in more conservative states the economy is good and there is little homelessness.  See my blog Fight Homelessness Don’t Vote For Progressives.

There are things homeless people can do to improve their lot.  They need to take personal responsibility.  One example is smoking, which is an epidemic among the homeless community.  It always amazed me how homeless people, who have few material resources, can find the money for cigarettes.

One poster on a homeless advocacy site wrote that one thing the homeless can do to help themselves is to stop wasting $300 a year or so on cigarettes when they could put that money to better use.  It’s a common practice in the homeless community I’m associated with that people sell their food stamps for money in order to buy cigarettes.  Towards the end of the month, they scramble for food. Their desire for tobacco seems to overshadow their need for food, at least until they run out of food.

This brings up another matter  — debiting people’s irresponsible actions.  Those hungry homeless people who squandered part of their food stamps try to bum food off of others (and they frantically go on a quest to bum cigarettes).  By debiting people’s foolish behavior, you are not helping them learn responsibility, let alone contributing to good health.

“It sounds like the 50’s is a time of great progress, Ms. Dog”

That’s right, Jeff, and it’s not progressive.

Progress was made towards equality.  Jackie Robinson could play in the major leagues.  The American Indians were able to self govern, freed from what amounted to internment camps.  And the Japanese Americans, who were put in internment camps without due process — without a shred of evidence that they were aiding and abetting the Empire of Japan, other than they were Japanese, were freed by the 50’s.

FDR must have thought that “due process” is something that happens when moisture forms on the grass on some mornings.

To foster self reliance for the homeless, Gimmee Shelter for the Homeless was created:  http://www.timespub.com/2015/04/30/working-for-a-place-to-stay/

WABAC to The Great Depression

Today, Jeff and I, Homeless Dog travel the WABAC machine to the Great Depression in America.

“What was life like during the great depression, Ms. Dog?”

Just as the man and dog are about to enter the WABAC machine, a neighbor knocks on the door.  After Homeless Dog tells the neighbor they are about to go back to the year 1929 to visit the Great Depression era in America, the neighbor tells them he remembers what his father told him about the depression, which he lived through.

“My father recalls being startled by loud cheering in the school nearby. It was the end of World War I and I was 3 years old. As a typical teenage boy, Dad had focused on food and cars. Street cars and Model T Fords appeared in the late 1920s. A lot of foods were becoming packaged and chicken houses were disappearing from backyards. Food was still very cheap. A loaf of bread cost 10¢. Then came the steamer and high-powered luxury cars (Pikes Peak Motor with high-gear capacity). Dad’s family was middle class, but the Depression affected everyone. Food and jobs were hard to get and many people stood in lines for government handouts. A lot of people lived on powdered milk, dried beans, and potatoes. In Chicago, a crowd of men fought over a barrel of garbage — food scraps for their families”


“What caused things to go wrong, Ms. Dog?”

Different things, Jeff.  Greed, materialism, people not wanting to live within their means.  And the socialistic policies of President Franklin Roosevelt, known as FDR,  particularly his New Deal.  FDR believed the government, through central planning (socialism) will ensure the welfare of its citizens better than a free market economy. As history proved, this was the wrong way to do things.

Like Barack Obama, aka the Skinny Socialist, today, President Franklin D Roosevelt demonized business and free enterprise and prevented entrepreneurs from cutting prices, created scores of government jobs while the private sector diminished,  gave out government handouts,  and created public works projects.

Here’s a modern example:  Solyndra: The manufacturer of advanced solar panels received a $535 million loan guarantee to build a factory outside of San Francisco.

Solyndra went bankrupt in 2011 amid falling prices for solar panels, and has since served as the poster child for well-meaning government policy gone bad.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solyndra

Its assets are being auctioned off, and DOE is not expected to recover any meaningful amount of money.

The executives at Solyndra, who contributed to Barry Obama’s presidential campaign, walked away with golden parachutes, while we got the shaft.

Let’s enter the WABAC machine:

“What are those officers doing, beating up that shabbily dressed man, Ms. Dog?”

That man is known as a hobo.  Many men became that way because the government taxed them so much and they couldn’t find work as a result of Roosevelt’s policies that they hopped freight trains and traveled to wherever they could find work here and there, mostly there.  Although the men who became hobos money financed, by fiat through taxation, the train system, they were considered trespassers and mistreated and harassed, much like homeless people in places like Bucks County, Pennsylvania are treated today.

Farmers were hit hard by the Great Depression.  It was a double whammy:  There was a drought, and government policies drove the average farmer out of business.

FDR’s New Deal  favored fat cats over average families. The government catered to the large farms by having them even burn crops, while people go hungry, in order to reduce the supply to keep prices high.  This hurt the little guy, such as the Joads, the characters depicted in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Grapes_of_Wrath

The root of the problem that caused the Great Depression was the culture — the way people thought. They wanted more than what God could give them, so they engaged in all kinds of activities driven by greed, and they chased after foolish things to keep them happy.

This was the way of the world.

Note this, Jeff, up until 1929, Princeton Seminary adhered to the truth but eventually a movement surfaced to end Princeton’s adherence to scriptural theology, and in 1929 Princeton Theological Seminary was reorganized under modernist influences.  Shortly thereafter, Westminster Seminary was formed in response to the church’s worldly views.

“Isn’t 1929 the year the Great Depression started, Ms. Dog?”

Bright guy, Jeff.  Westminster Seminary has maintained the infallible Scriptures as their foundation.  The problem with the New Deal era is that people turned away from God.

“Then he [Jesus] said to them, ‘Watch out! Be on your guard against all kinds of greed; a man’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions’’  Luke 12:15

The people of the depression gained a new outlook on life and many survivors still hold those same virtues today. They deny the self indulgence and immediate gratification that come from material things. Instead they focus on relationship — with their family, with others, and most importantly, with God.

“So people acting rightly, responsibly on their own and not turning their lives over to the government that deals them a stacked deck is the best way to go, Ms. Dog.”

Right, Jeff.  And I lie on the deck that was provided for me.

Reach Out in the Darkness

I’m a great believer in truth in advertising, so I think we should be up front about the attitude Bucks County PA has towards the homeless.  Therefore, we need labels.

We can start with the water fountains by the restrooms in the library. One can be for the homeless, and one for those who have homes.  The labels can be “homeless” and “homes.”

Just as the original Jim Crow laws were based on white supremacy, the Bucks County adaptation touts the superiority of those with houses over those who don’t.

When Jim Crow Infested the South

In 1885, journalist T McCants Stewart, who was black,  wrote “I can ride in first-class cars on the railroads and in the streets. I can stop in and drink a glass of soda and be more politely waited upon than in some parts of New England.”  The Republicans, who championed freemen’s rights and fostered equal protection under the law created this climate during Reconstruction.

But as we know, the good times are invaded by the Blue Meanies, as they did in The Beatle’s Yellow Submarine.    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Meanies_(Yellow_Submarine)

In this case, the Blue Meanies were southern Democrats, who stripped the black’s equal rights away ten years after federal troops left.    Although there were isolated moments of positive change, blacks lost all they had gained during Reconstruction.

The denial of the rights of blacks became official and was codified in a series of racist statutes called Jim Crow laws.

Jim Crow, a slur for a black man, came to be known as any law that was passed in the south that established different rules for the white man and the black man.  Likewise, in places such as the Levittown library in Bucks County, there are different rules for the soccer moms (the ones who are an amicus curiae of the librarian) and the homeless.

The homeless cannot have a civil,  adult discussion with the librarian about how they are treated.  They are tacitly told to shut up and if they get uppity, they are threatened with being in trouble with the man.

As was the case in the south after reconstruction, it is the Democrats who oppress those whom they consider an underclass.

In fact, it was the Democrats who were responsible for much of the discrimination throughout the 20th century in the United States.

President Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat, segregated the military.  The military wasn’t integrated until 1952, by IKE, the Republican.  Democrat President Truman tried integrating the military, but chickened out, for fear he’d alienate the southern Democrats.

FDR rounded up Japanese Americans, without even a shred of evidence that they were aiding and abetting the Empire of Japan, just because they were Japanese and put them in internment camps.

Today in Bucks County, PA, the homeless are treated like prisoners when they visit the Levittown Public Library, just because they are homeless.  The librarian, as well as others in the Bucks County liberal Democrat establishment, would like to round them up and send them somewhere away from the rest of the population.

The homeless in Bucks County need to follow the example of passive resistance that Dr. Martin Luther King practiced.  There are people who have been putting pressure on a local security guard to roust the homeless from the Veteran’s Memorial near the Levittown public library, even though they respect the place, because “they are uncomfortable” with visiting the memorial when the homeless hang there.  The homeless should form a chain and make the police physically remove them from the memorial if their civil rights to peaceably assemble in a public place are violated.

It is the people who demand the homeless get rousted who disrespect the memorial and what it stands for.

Instead of shunning the homeless, people should talk with them to see what they are really like.  They may find, as in the song Reach Out in the Darkness by Friend and Lover:

“I knew a man that I did not care for

And then one day this man gave me a call

We sat and talked about things on our mind

And now this man he is a friend of mine

Don’t be afraid of love Don’t be afraid, don’t be afraid to love

Everybody needs a little love Everybody needs somebody  That they can be thinking of”

Reach out in the darkness, baby, you may find your preconceptions of the homeless may be wrong.  The main difference between you and them is that they don’t have a home.

We at Gimmee Shelter for the Homeless want to change that:  http://www.timespub.com/2015/04/30/working-for-a-place-to-stay/#more-45529

Fight Homelessness Don’t Vote for Progressives

Although some people become homeless because of problems caused by addictions, anti-social behavior and other social aspects, much of homelessness is rooted in economics — long term unemployment, underemployment — people just don’t have the money to have a place to live.

In states ruled by progressives, homelessness is running rampant.   Late 2013, The Boston Globe reported:

Record numbers of homeless families are overwhelming the state’s emergency shelter system, filling motel rooms at the cost to taxpayers of tens of millions of dollars a year.

“An average of 2,100 families a night — an all-time high — were temporarily housed in motel rooms in October, just about equaling the number of families staying in emergency shelters across the state, according to state Department of Housing and Economic Development.

The demand for shelter is so great that the state has been temporarily shipping homeless families from Boston to motels in Western Massachusetts…

So much for liberal Massachusetts.  In New York, as New York Magazine reports:

“Here in New York, they found a thirteen-percent increase, for a total of 64,060 people living in shelters and on the street. And in Los Angeles, the homeless population jumped 27 percent, to 53,798.”

The New Yorker brought up The Skinny Socialist’s, aka Barack Obama’s, promise to end chronic and veteran homelessness in America by 2015 and presented a reality check that all the homeless in NYC can’t fit into the seats at Yankee Stadium.

By contrast, Texas, a red state where freedom, low taxes, and restrictions on government intrusion prevail,  is the place where people are fleeing from blue states, an exodus like the Israelites fleeing Egypt.

The Social Aspect of Homelessness and economics can be intertwined.  We’ve become such an Obama Nation as a result of greed, sloth, envy and other collective character defects.  Back in the Eisenhower 50’s and the early JFK 60’s, people lived within their means.  Debt didn’t pile up the way it does today.

Years after my family moved away from a neighborhood where I spent my early childhood, I learned about a former neighbor who was jailed because he pilfered money from the bank where he worked because he wanted to keep up with the Joneses, who had a swimming pool.

Some People become homeless because of addictions and other character flaws, but some develop addictions as an escape from their situation, and a bad attitude on life, after then become homeless. After frustrated homeless people turn to booze or drugs, and lose hope, they need hope and to stop their addictions.  It’s hard to hold a job if you are constantly drunk or high.  This is when homeless people need friends to minister to them to help them get on the right track.

In the mid 60’s, when the economy was good and getting better, government programs, such as LBJ’s War on Poverty/The (alleged) Great Society fostered moral depravity,irresponsibility, dependency on government,  broke up families, created more crime and increased poverty.  The war on poverty was a losing battle, just like LBJ’s handling of the “war” in Vietnam.

The 70’s, called The Me Decade by author Tom Wolfe, was marked by greed and selfishness.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_%22Me%22_Decade_and_the_Third_Great_Awakening

The prosperity started by the Eisenhower 50’s was squandered when parents, who didn’t want their children to suffer economically the way they did, spoiled their children.  Materialism reared its ugly head.  By the way, it’s not money that’s the problem, but, as Jesus said, the love of money that is the root of evil.

I saw an Ed Wood story about a girl gang, which robbed stores and generally ran wild.  At the height of their depravity, one of them raped a guy at gunpoint in front of his girlfriend.  The girl subsequently died because of complications with the pregnancy.  Her mother lamented that [sic] “instead of buying her fancy dresses, we should have given her more hugs.”

To get out of the Red and into a black economy, vote blue, true blue, I mean vote Red to get out of the red and into the black .  This is one occasion where I don’t want to be color blind.   There is a difference between the Red and the Blue, as documented in this blog.

I keep thinking red denotes Democrats, as in being a Red (communist).

It was individual achievement and entrepreneurship that made us a prosperous country.

Freedom Rocks

In a recent blog, I compared the plight of the Okies, who had to leave their homes because their farms closed, and the homeless today, as I particularized in the homeless in lower Bucks County, PA.  The economic root cause for this problem in both cases is similar:  The overreaching, social engineering government.  Before and after the depression, allowing the free market, cutting taxes, and letting a free people take responsibility and initiative fostered a healthy economy that was good for all Americans.

It was not WWII that brought us out of the depression, nor the latent policies of FDR, but big tax cuts, fostering entrepreneurship, free trade, and an individual work ethic and other mores that is the foundation of a free people.

Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon had it right when he slashed taxes in 1920  that reduced the top individual tax rate from 73 to 25 percent.  And as a result the economy flourished.  But after the progressives imposed on us gross tax hikes, the economy petered out, which resulted in poverty and rampant homelessness.

The New Deal brought ruin to the nation, and we are repeating this mistake as our country has become an Obama nation.

In a tax and budget bulletin from the Cato Institute, Chris Edwards concludes (and it is worth quoting in full):

“New Deal interventions were not only bad for the

economy, but favored fat cats over average families. Most

farm subsidies went to major land owners, not small-time

farmers. Required reductions in farm acreage devastated

poor sharecroppers. Efforts to keep farm prices high led to

the destruction of food while millions of families went

hungry. Compulsory unionism led to discrimination

against blacks because it gave monopoly power to union

bosses who often didn’t want them hired. NIRA cartels

prevented entrepreneurs from cutting prices for consumers.

Roosevelt’s strategies of handouts, federal jobs,

subsidized loans, demonizing businesses, and public works

projects in swing states worked well politically. But

economically, Roosevelt and his “brains trust” had no idea

what they were doing. They attempted one failed

intervention after another. The Great Depression was a

disaster, and sadly an avoidable one.”


Read the full text: http://crsdesignsinc.com/blog/the-government-and-the-great-depression-cato-institute/ 


The liberal lie that big government intervention helps the little guy –everyday people — is largely responsible for today’s homeless problem.  At one of the community meals for the homeless and those in need, a kool-aid drinker (popular at Jonestown, Guyana in the 70’s) said that the Republicans are responsible for the homeless problem in Bucks County and added that they take food out of the mouths of children.  Holy disconnect from reality, Batman!  http://history1900s.about.com/od/1970s/p/jonestown.htm

We need to learn from past mistakes, namely progressivism as championed by social engineers such as FDR.  Speaking of engineers, all those hobos who hopped freight trains and camped out at the railroads, and were harassed and even worse, is one of the fruits (Grapes of Wrath) of gross government intervention.

It’s “individual achievement and personal responsibility”, as Rush Limbaugh says, that creates a great nation.

The Veteran’s Memorial is a celebration of our freedom to make choices that not only improves our lot, but can help all American’s pursue the rights of liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

We at Gimmee Shelter for the Homeless, a nascent non profit, was to created to give the homeless a chance to improve their lot and pursue their dreams.


Finding Our Way Back to Kansas

In my last blog, I mentioned an upcoming meeting of the Advocates for the Homeless and Those in Need (AHTN), which was held at the public library in Levittown, PA today with the librarian to address problems with the homeless who frequent the library.

After a recent ruckus between some homeless people who were waiting for the AHTN bus just outside the building, the library reviewed video and banned one woman from all libraries in the Bucks County, PA system for six months.

The recent disturbance was an example of the occasional blow ups among some homeless people.  After the meeting, an advocate from AHTN talked to some of the regular homeless folks who hang out at the Veterans’ Memorial just outside the library.

Although local authorities know who has been causing occasional problems, the homeless have been grouped together in the incidents.  Historically, addicts from local recovery houses have been causing problems at the memorial, and the library, much more so than the homeless.  And again, it was just a few individuals in the homeless community who created problems.

The AHTN advocate said that there’s been a lot of negative things going on and that the group is “under surveillance.”  I’m not sure exactly what she means, but it’s understandable that occasionally the local police, which has jurisdiction at the memorial, started visiting the memorial more frequently in light of recent problems.   To preserve and respect the memorial, homeless regulars came to a consensus to make rules.

One rule is, “no booze or drugs”.  Period.  Zero tolerance.  And if someone starts problems, the group, known ironically as “The Memorial Mob”, will ask them to stop.  If they don’t, then 911.

The homeless community in lower Bucks County getting its act together is a step to show outsiders that they are just people like you and me, and that they can act responsibly and can handle managing their own communities, as is the case in an official homeless community in Ontario, California.

In California, land near the Ontario airport was set aside for the homeless.  It includes tents, toilets and water.  They are held to the same standards as people who live in other communities.

For the health and well- being of all, this official tent city community has rules.  For example only people the local community who became homeless can stay there.  At some of the non-official homeless communities in Bucks County, overcrowding is starting to become a problem.

The one rule, allegedly for health,  “no dogs allowed” is one I personally have a problem with.  But it’s good that, as in any other community, people can live safe and healthy environment, rather than the homeless having to scout around and find anyplace they can set up, which may not always be the healthiest place to go.


If it can work in California, it can work here in lower Bucks County.



But Oz never did give nothing to the Tin Man
That he didn’t, didn’t already have

–America – Tin Man

For those of you in Doylestown, this means that you can’t give people a quality they have or have worked on, such as intelligence.  We don’t need mind control or social engineering.